Moonshine Anyone?

Well, well, well…. it looks like I may have some aditional research material for my trip to Calumet.  

The following was posted by Alicia Marshall on the MIHOUGHT Listserv.

I found this on the Ironwood newspaper that I subscribe to
and thought that it was kind of funny and an interesting part of the local lore 1930
25 Violators must serve jail time
Judge sessions hands jolt to booze makers and toters
.. 23 men sentenced , 14 from the Copper Country
Ismoele Giuzette of Negaunee and Amillo Valli of Hurley Wis. 6 months and a fine of $500.
Frank Miller and Henry Larson, prominent Hancock soft drink manufacturers, each given 6 months
 and Mr Miller will have a fine of $100.
 Larson’s fine was made $500.
Patrick Buckley of Munising, 6 months and $500.
Fred Toupin of Lake Linden will serve 4 months in Detroit and pat $100.
Joseph Petlewski of Calumet drew a term of 4 months at Detroit with a fine of $300
William Fisher of Laurium , 5 months in the house of correction
Adolphus LaFland 4 months
Dominic Peano of Mohawk, 60 days and a fine of $100.
Secundio DeLaBrand aof Caspian 60 days in Detroit house of corrections and $100.
William Moore Foster city 30 in Marquette
John Korrvinen, Deerton , 30 days in Marquette and $100
Paul Schultz, Lanse , 30 days in Marquette and $100
Anton Markie Lanse, 30 days and $100
LaVerne Richmond , Chatham , ninety days .
Peter Sutinen , Hancock, 60 days
John Richards, Laurim , ninety days and $300
Joseph Sustarich, Laurium , 60 day in Marquette and $200
John Nowaski Calumet, ninety days
John Messner, Laurium, ninety days in Detroit, $200.
Paul Kobetich, Calumet, thirty days in Marquette and $100.
Joseph Rheame, Torch Lake, 60 days in Marquette.

This isn’t the first time that Joseph was in trouble with the law.  In 1917, a little over a year after his brother, Stanislaus, died from pneumonia, Joseph was charged with opening his Saloon on Sunday.  Here’s a little courtroom action from that case.

Date of Examination October 25, 1917.

William Heikkila, after being duly sworn, on his oath, testified as follows:

Direct Examination by Anthony Lucas, Procesecuting Attorney.

Q. Mr. Heikkila, you the undersheriff of this county?

A. Yes sir.

Q. Did you know the defendant Mr. PetlewskI?

A. Yes sir.

Q. Do you know where is place of business is?

A. Yes.

Q. Where?

A. On Oak Street.

Q. Where?

A. Just forgot the number now.

Q. What town?

A. In Red Jacket.

Q. Were you in his place of  business on the 21st of October, 1917?

A. I was.

Q. What time of the day dd you go there last Sunday?

A. I went there between twelve and one.

Cross Examination by E. A. McNally, Defendant’s Attorney

Q. Do you know the exact time that you went into his saloon?

A. Why, I don’t know.  It was between twelve and one.  Somewheresin the neighborhood of twelve thirty.

Q. You say you were standing on the corner of 6th and Oak and you saw people going in and out of Petlewski’s place?

A. They didn’t go in the saloon way.  They went in the resident part of the building.

Q. That is where they were going in and our [sic] of this building?

A. The resident part is in the rear of the building and saloon is in the front part.

Q. Is the entrance in the rear of the building or side?

A. On the rear and side.

Q. The side and rear, along through the alley?

A. Yes sir.

Q. Could you see that entrance from the corner of Oak and 6th St.?

A. Yes, from where I stood.

Q. You could see them going ina and out of that door?

A. Yes.

Q. Were you standing by the fruit store corner there?

A. No.

Q. You were standing on the corner of Oak and 6th street? 

A. Yes.  I was standing on Oak street more.  I was in that block on the corner of Oak and 6th Street.  I was just about where the Ticket office is.

Q.  You could see people coming in and out of this door?

A. From this entrance, yes.  I made it a business to see this door.  

Q. Do you know whether this man that was drink the beer, paid for the drink or not?

A. I don’t know.  I know that they were int his saloon.

Q. This man was the only one there besides Mr. Petlewski himself?

A. Mr. Petlewski’s son was there.  I think its his son.

Q. You say he was in the saloon?

A. He was.

Q. What was he doing in the saloon?

A. I don’t know what he was doing there.


Date of Examination October 30, 1917.

Harry Bettings, after being duly sworn, on his oath, testified as follows on behalf of the Defendant.

Direct Examination by Athony Lucas, Prosecuting Attorney.

Q.  Mr. Bettings what your business with the government?

A. I am an authorized agent of the Secretary of the Treasurer.  Comissioned by the Hon.  Secretary of the Treasury as a special Revenue officer in the internal revenue department.

Q.  What is your territory?

A. The whole state of Michigan.

Q. You were working as such revenue officer on October 21st?

A. Three Hundred Sixty-five, Three Hundred Sixty-six days a year.  Am working everyday.  Sundays and every other day.

Q.  Do you remember having a talk with Mr. Petlewski on the Saturday night before Sunday, October 21st?  

A. On Saturday night?  I talked with him over the ‘phone Saturday.  

Mr. Lucas; I make an objection that any talk with Mr. Petlewski on Saturday any time is incompetent, immaterial in this case.  

Mr. McNally: Absolute bearing.

Court: let’s hear what you got to say.

Q. You had a talk over the telephone the Saturday before?

A. Saturday night, it was somebody called me over the ‘phone among other things and I think its this Petlewski, and he asked me when I could take his inventory.  I told him I don’t know but I would call around Sunday after I got around the other places I was schedule.  I told him that I would call shortly after dinner.  He said he would have his place of business open and we could get in the back way.  I told him thatwwas [sic] all right  I told him we had a right to come in.

Q. You assued him that it was all right?

A. I told him that we could go in his place, and I told him the goverment reserves the right to go in any place any time where there is taxable articles.

Q. On Sunday?

A. On any other time.  As far as that is concerned they can brake [sic] in if they have any reason to believe there is taxible.  That can be found in the Internal Revneu [sic] Laws.  Compiled in 1900 is the latest.  I don’t remember exactly what section it is. 

Q. Did you go over the Petlewski’s place on Sunday, October 21?

A. Finished up at a place taking inventory about half-past twelve and half-past twelve went for dinner and went there about two o’clcok and tried the back door in the alley, and found the door was closed and we can’t wait, when we get to a place.  If they are not ready for us why, just pass them on.

Q. You didn’t get in?

A. No.

Q. You tried the door?

A. Yes, I tried the door.

Mr. Lucas:  I move again that all this evidence be struck out as incompetent, irrelevant and immaterial to this case.  

Mr. McNally: I move that the evidence is the contrary.  

Q.  What time did you say you would be over?

A. Shortly after dinner.

Cross Examination by Anthony Lucas, Prosecuting Attorney.

Q. What time did you say you were supposed to be there?

A. I told him I would be there around about noon.  Shortly after noon, I started to take inventories early in the morning and you never can tell just what stock a man’s got you know.  You don’t know what stock a man’s got and you must figure ahead of time and I figured we would get there about twelve or possibly one o’clock.  Have kept them waiting for four, five hours and some kept waiting all day.

Q. So you don’t know exactly when you get through?

A. As I figured that I took four inventories.

Q. How many inventories did you take before you went to his place?

A. Three inventories.

Q. What time did you start working?

A. Oh, I guess about eight o’clock it was.

Q. Take any that afternoon?

A. Yes.

Q. How many?

A. I could say twenty-six or I could say one.

Q. You are under oath here?

A. I don’t have to answer that question.

Q. You don’t have to answer that question then.

A. I refuse to answer how many I took.

Direct Examination by E. A. McNally, Defendant’s Attorney

Q. What is your occupation?

A. I am Revenue Officer of the United States Government.

Q. What is your territory?

A. Michigan.

Q. On the 21st day of October, on Sunday, did you go over to Mr. Petlewski’s saloon?

A. I did.

Q. Did you find the door locked?

A. We did.

Q. Did you hear any conversation between Mr. Petlewski and Mr. Bettings on that.

Mr. Lucas: I make an objection to that, of telling what he heard as incompetent, irrelevant and inmaterial, not bearing on this case at all.

Court: Objection overruled.

Q. Did you know that Mr. Bettings had a dad [sic] with Joseph Petlewski?

Mr. Lucas: I object to that.

Court: Objection sustained.

Q. Did you know that there were arrangements made to go there on the afternoon of October 21st?

A. Yes, he planned to go there.

Q. You know that Mr. Petlewski had been notifed to keep his place open?

A. That is my understanding.

Q. What did you want to go to Mr. Petlewski’s for?

A. He said he wanted us to take his inventory.

Cross Examination by Anthony Lucas, Prosecuting Attorney.

Q. What day did you take it?

A. I think the next day.

Q. It isn’t absolutely necessary for you take take inventories on Sunday?

A. Why, I guess it is.

Q. You didn’t brake [sic] into his place?

A. No.

Q. You went there the next day?

A. We went on the general run of our business to get through on orders from the government.  Get all our work in on a certain day.

Q. What is your date?

A. That is changed at times.

Q. What day have you got?

A. I don’t really know.  They give us a certain time and we get through as soon as we can.

Q. Have you any orders from your department that you can go in the saloons on Sundays?

A. We have orders to proceed as rapid as we can.  There is no specified time, or day to do the work.  Get it cleaned up.  We can use our own judgement.

Q. You [sic] department doesn’t authorized you to tell a man to open his saloon so that he can violate the state law?

A. They simply authorize us to get the work done in the shortest time we can.

Mr. McNally: I object to that as an improper question.

Mr. Lucas: I want to bring out that the state law is before the government.

Re-direct Examination by E. A. McNally, Defendant’s Attorney

Q. You intended to go to Petlewski’s saloon on Sunday, the 21st?

A. Yes.

Q. Shortly after dinner on October 21st, Sunday?

A. Yes.  Called there when we finished our other work.

Re-cross Examination by Anthony Lucas, Procesecuting Attorney

Q. Did you know what time you would get through?

A. We figured ahead and we thought we would get through about twelve.

Q. You didn’t know what time you would get through?

A. We figure out according to our judgement and thought we would be through by noon.

Q. You figured that out?

A. Figured that we would get through somewheres about noon.

Q. Did you notify you that they have a big stock, I suppose?

A. Yes, they had large and small.

Q. So before you wentout to take inventories that morning, you figured to get through about what time?

A. Figured that we would be through by noon.

Q. That is about the time you went to dinner?

A. Yes sir.

Re-direct Examination, by E. A. McNally, Defendant’s Atty.

Q. You are working under Mr. Bettings jurisdiction?

A. I do what he tells me.

Q. You are under Mr. Bettings directions?

A. Yes sir.



Going to the Homeland

Poland….. no.  Calumet, yes.  I’ll be there at the end of May.  Until then, the plog will probably be more active than it has been for the last year and half with new prep research for the big trip.  Things are starting to settle down here in lower MI which means more time for research, genealogy, blogging.  Maybe there  may even be some time to finish the pytlewski website.

Past Petlewskis Featured in St. Anthony Presentation

Our friends at PPCM have posted a picture of an exhibit entitled FROM FOREIGN TO FAMILIAR – Congregational histories.  It features photographs of the headstone of John Joseph Petlewski, the gravestone of Stanislaw Petlewski, and the “Petlewski Boys.” Here’s the direct link.

The Calling of the House

I finally have time to write again now that planning for summer reading is now done and the computer classes are over.  The home improvement is still insane and takes up most of my time.  However, CADL has a millage coming on August 5 for the Library Improvement Plan.  So I thought I’d post a plug here and encourage everyone who lives in Ingham County, MI (except East Lansing) to go out and vote!  Here’s a video…

Pytlewski research is on hold for now even though there some exciting developments at FamilySearch.

Pytlewskis, Zwierzchowskis, & Wolczaks Marriage Transcriptions… Oh My!

Another exciting development occurred at PPCM over the weekend.  They posted POLISH AND PRUSSIAN MARRIAGES IN CALUMET, HOUGHTON COUNTY, MICHIGAN, which consists of marriage transcriptions of Houghton County Marriage Records from 1872-1911.  It contains all of the following names and more: Pytlewski, Petlewski, Zwierzchowski, Monkowski, Stepniak, Juziwak, Walczak.  I suggest you check it out to see some additional entries that include some witnessings by Stanislaus and Josef Pytlewski.  This will be a valuable resource for many Calumet Polish researchers for years to come!

Polish Catholic Stanislaus Kostki Benevolent Society of Calumet

Well, it looks like our friends at The Polish Mining Community have changed their name to The Polish Pioneers of Calumet, MI.  For expediency, I will now refer to them as PPCM.  They have also just posted a great piece on the Polish Catholic Stanislaus Kostki Benevolent Society of Calumet, an organization that Stanislaus Pytlewski served for as treasurer for a few years in the beginning of the 20th century.  In the document posted on the PPCM, you may notice John Zwierzchowski.  John Zwierzchowski was the father of Stanislaus (Stanley) Zwierchowski, and Stanley married Stanislawa (Stella) Pytlewski.


Correction: John Zwiezchowski married Theresa Pytlewski, not Stella Pytlewski as previously mentioned. 

Surprise, Surprise

After months of new and exciting things happening in my life, like nearly finishing remodeling my bathroom in my new house and starting a new job, I finally have received some free time to write about all of the exciting things on the genealogy front.

An early Christmas present arrived today in my e-mail box. I was pleasantly surprised to learn about a new blog dedicated to the Polish of Calumet. This is an exciting development to say the least. The Polish Mining Community is a blog by Ceil Jenson, Kathy Atwood, and Joseph Martin that provides a wealth of information on the Polish community in Calumet, MI. Keep up the good work!

Another surprise in my e-mail box came a few days before Thanksgiving when descendants of a long lost branch of the Pytlewski family contacted me after finding I nearly jumped out of my chair when I received this e-mail.  It was the first communication between the Stepniak and Pytlewski families in at least 20 years. Since first contact, memories have been stirred up amongst both sides and forgotten information has been restored to the record. It’s been a great holiday season on the genealogy front despite the current hectic times and hopefully it’ll be a better one next year after things settle down at the new homestead.